As a territory Puerto Rico does not have a right to vote in a federal election for further information read the following
Dr Tolbert www.writeintolbert.com
For US Senate Fl 2018
To: The President of the United States
The White House
Attn: John DeStefano
Assistant to President
Director of Presidential Personnel
1600 Pennsylvania Ave NW
Commomwealth of Puerto Rico
Office of the Governor Puerto Rico
Ricardo Rosselo Nevares
Avenida Juan Ponce de Leora
San Juan Antiguo, PR 00901
To: The President of the United States of America
To: All Citizens For A Better America
From: Charles Frederick. Tolbert Ed.D
Retired Master Sergeant USA
P O Box 2798
Okeechobee, FL 34973
Dear Mr. President
This article is presented by Dr. Charles Frederick Tolbert to the President of the United States and the Governor of Puerto Rico requesting that the President of the United States give due consideration that Dr. Tolbert be allowed to go in front of Congress and present why Puerto Rico should be the 51st State!
Direction and impact of increased productivity, shipping, and defense of the USA making Puerto Rico the 51st state.
The direction and impact of increased productivity, shipping, and the defense of the United States is the direction to make Puerto Rico the 51st State. By not taking action, we are not only jeopardizing the Island itself but we will be jeopardizing the United States. The non-productivity of a country is a socialist and communist movement which is shown by the impact of what is taking place in Cuba and Venezuela. We should shift and direct the colony of Puerto Rico to become a state. Congress needs to declare Marshal Law in order to bring the leadership of Puerto Rico to scrutinize and focus on infrastructure and productivity.
(The question to be asked, “Is Russia and China involvement in Venezuela a threat to the security of the United States?” Included in the article is; what’s going on in Venezuela, what happened in the Cuban crisis and also in Haiti.
We first must understand and determine the difference between import and U.S. manufacture and imposing an excise tax equivalent, assessing amounts per item and setting aside to establish an entitlement account. The money is to be used as interest free, long term loans to responsible individuals or registered U.S. companies, and to manufacture nonessential goods covered by the fund. Efficient, manufacturing and labor standards established by industry is to be maintained. Project companies are also to be free of corporate taxes for a three year period of time, and established in Puerto Rico to ensure that individuals from Puerto Rico return to their country and have jobs.
The President has to be advised of our non-action and its effect on the USA defense if we don’t intervene and change the direction of a colony which could weaken the defense of America.
On September 28th, The President of the United States wavered the Jones act. The waiver will guarantee the needed equipment to repair infrastructure damaged by the storm and restore emergency services.
After the 10-day period, the waiver can be extended if needed, DHS spokesman David Lapan told CNN. He said the waiver was approved after it was determined that doing so was in the interest of national defense.
WASHINGTON (Reuters) – “The Trump administration on Tuesday denied a request to waive shipping restrictions to help get fuel and supplies to storm-ravaged Puerto Rico, saying it would do nothing to address the island’s main impediment to shipping, damaged ports.
The Jones Act limits shipping between coasts to U.S. flagged vessels. However, in the wake of brutal storms, the government has occasionally issued temporary waivers to allow the use of cheaper, tax free or more readily available foreign-flagged ships.
Puerto Rico has long railed against the Jones Act, saying it makes the cost of imported basic commodities, such as food, clothing and fuel, more expensive.
After Homeland’s denial, Senator John McCain, a Republican and a longtime opponent of the Jones Act, sent a letter to Duke asking why the department decided against the waiver. He asked the department to detail the costs of shipping goods from Florida to Puerto Rico versus the costs of shipping from Florida to the Virgin Islands, which has a permanent Jones Act exemption.
“It is unacceptable to force the people of Puerto Rico to pay at least twice as much for food, clean drinking water, supplies and infrastructure due to Jones Act requirements as they work to recover from this disaster,” McCain said in the letter, a copy of which was seen by Reuters.”
“Our dependence on fossil fuel imports by sea is hampering the restoration of services,” said Juan Declet-Barreto, an energy expert at the nonprofit group the Union of Concerned Scientists. The refusal to allow the waiver “is raising fears on the island that they are going to be left behind in this disaster.”
The United States shipped an average of nearly 770,000 barrels of crude oil and oil products like gasoline and diesel annually to Puerto Rico from 2012 to 2016.
Supporters of the Jones Act, including ship builders, have said it supports American jobs, including ones in Puerto Rico and keeps shipping routes reliable.
“Made In America Bring Jobs Home”
The Fiscal Responsibility as the 51st State.
The fiscal responsibility of the 51st state as is relevant to the other 50 states, that the responsibility is not the federal government’s but in fact the state themselves and the senate of the state, the representatives of the state, and the people of the state, according to Amendment 10 of the constitution, which further facilitates that if it is not a state they don’t have access to the Amendments rights.
Currently Puerto Rico is a territory and therefore does not have sovereign state rights.
Fiscal means: financial or pertaining to the treasury or revenue parts of the government. Responsibility is having a legal or moral obligation to or being accountable for something or someone.
Although the definition of the two words making up the term, “fiscal responsibility” means having an obligation to or being accountable for the finances or the revenue and treasury departments, the term is used to describe everything from financial reform to tax cuts.
Taxes: HR 25 for complete article go tohttp://www.cfabamerica.com/h-r-25-fair-tax-act-of-2011
The reorganization of our National Guard, Homeland Security and FBI…More details upon request.
Bring back draft-all 18 years serve one year. The young men and women of Puerto Rico are drafted into the military in order to restructure the country and to provide them with education/motivation/income to create a state government by the people for the people.
A military draft is beneficial because it expands the military in size and age range. A draft provides a quick way for the military to expand its size because of the thousands of people who will be required to join. The military will also benefit from fewer expenses in advertising for recruits. Military drafts help to reach young people who may not be in touch with their government system. People in their early 20s will be required to join the military and learn about how the government functions. Young people are also strong and can bear the military life longer than those who are older.
A benefit of enlisting a military draft is to secure America’s status among other nations.
WashingtonMonthly.com published an article by Phillip Carter and Paul Glastris called, “The Case for the Draft.” The authors state that a draft helps America remain as the world’s superpower. A modernized draft would ensure that everyone in the country participates, including the privileged. If everyone participates, the U.S. military will remain one of the largest in the world. The article suggests creating a large number of ground troops with a draft. According to the article, an all-volunteer military will not help America remain as a superpower in the 21st century.
Train and release, after review, individuals incarcerated except for murders, rapist and child molesters, in return they commit to four years of duty to help protect America in foreign lands. Upon receiving an honorable discharge they can choose four years of college or cross trained into another field.
Anyone receiving benefits, due to unemployment, from the government other than Social Security, Education and or Medical care, should be required to either be in a school: cross training, education or performing a voluntary service to the communities for three hours per work week day during the time that they are unemployed and receiving assistance.
The age for those to start paying into a new social security system should be 13 years of age and these individuals age of retirement will be 70 years old, all others will continue in the current system with funding coming from taxes collected pursuant to the passing of HR 25, Medicare or medical coverage: This Is a right and will be funded by taxes collected from HR 25.
Those who profit from keeping things as they are will use every means at their disposal to stop America from growing and instead protecting their own position in opposition to “remains what’s best for our country“ workforce and families. The fact is that manufacturing only represents about fifteen (15%) of our economy. To say, we have digressed from the industrial capitol of the world to depending on everyone else to satisfy our requirements is unrealistic. We are responsible for this and we should not try to pass on our own responsibility to others. Our passive attitude enables others to make decisions for us. Elected officials work for us the American citizen. To protect the family involves paying attention to the fine print to defend the principles upon which this country was founded and should enforce that which we know to be constitutionally correct.
As citizens, and owners of this great and beautiful land, the Puerto Rican citizens must pull together and serve as directors instead of followers. To be led, told what we want to hear and act as if we were peasants, accepting the consequences, should be an insult to our intelligence. Your thoughts and actions are necessary.
**As we all know, situations change on a daily basis, therefore some of the stated information and dates may already have changed. The basic principles will apply regardless of these changes.
Should Puerto Rico not be a country as did Venezuela or Cuba or other outside countries, the dominate forces would be Russia and China taking over another land base in control of the United States and jeopardizing our own security.
Failure of Congress and the executive branch to comprehend the impact of the collapse of Puerto Rico and its nine alliances to the United States would greatly endanger our waterways.
The Puerto Rico Status Debate: Why Congress? Why Now?
One hundred years ago, Puerto Rico became a part of the United States in settlement of the Spanish-American War. Nineteen years later, the United States granted U.S. citizenship to the Island’s inhabitants. Using its authority under the “territorial” clause of the U.S. Constitution, Congress over time has extended a measure of local self-rule to the American citizens of Puerto Rico. The current structure of local government, commonly known as “Commonwealth” was enacted in 1952.
A bill (H.R. 856) sponsored by House Resources Committee Chairman Don Young (R-AK) recently passed the House under which the voters of Puerto Rico would be asked to choose whether to continue the current status, or to begin a process that could lead either to statehood for Puerto Rico or independence. A companion bill has been introduced in the Senate by Senator Larry Craig (R-ID). On April 2, the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources will begin its consideration of this issue.
MEANINGFUL SELF-DETERMINATION FOR PUERTO RICO MUST BE DIRECTED BY CONGRESS
* Because Puerto Rico is a territory, it cannot address status issues on its own. In fact, all issues relating to the territories’ governance are vested directly with the Congress, as prescribed under the Territorial Clause. Congress, and only Congress, can ultimately make decisions regarding the political status of territories.
* Puerto Rico is currently undergoing a constitutional crisis. The results of a 1993 local referenda in Puerto Rico suggest that a majority of the U.S. citizens on the Island do not support the current status, a result that should be of serious concern nationally. It is an American principle that government must have the consent of the people; when that consent is lost, a new consensus must be found.
* The U.S. Senate has agreed that meaningful self-determination for Puerto Rico can only be achieved with Congressional intervention. Following the approval of a 1979 Senate resolution reaffirming Puerto Rico’s right to self-determination, the then chairman of the Energy & Natural Resources Committee stated that “an exercise of self-determination by Puerto Rico, in order to be meaningful, must have the status options precisely defined by Congress.” In 1990, the Energy Committee called this the “guiding principle” in the approach taken in consideration of the Island’s political status.
* The American citizens of Puerto Rico have requested Congressional action. Traditionally in the United States, territories petition Congress to begin a process of considering the status issue. That is what has taken place here. In the last ten years, the people of Puerto Rico have requested Congressional action on a resolution to the political status of the Island on numerous occasions. In 1988, the leaders from the three political parties of Puerto Rico formally requested the President and the Congress to sanction a referendum on the preference for future political status. The state Legislature of Puerto Rico asked Congress in 1993, and again in 1997, to work with the people of Puerto Rico on a final resolution to the status problem. The 1997 Joint Resolution of the legislature specifically called upon Congress to “respond to the democratic aspirations of the American citizens of Puerto Rico,” as it did in the case of other U.S. territories, including the thirty-seven territories that became states after the original thirteen colonies formed the original Union.
A VOTE FOR SELF-DETERMINATION DOES NOT MEAN STATEHOOD FOR PUERTO RICO
* H.R. 856 and S. 472 are process bills, not statehood bills. Legislation currently under review by the Senate merely asks the voters of Puerto Rico to select their preference among three status options, Commonwealth, as properly defined under Federal law; a process that could lead to statehood; and a process that would lead to independence. Were a majority to select the statehood process, a lengthy period of negotiations — up to ten years — regarding the terms and conditions of possible statehood would ensue. During that period, both Puerto Rico and Congress would have the option to stop the process altogether. If at the end of the ten year “transition” period Puerto Rico’s voters wanted to move forward, a separate Act of Admission would have to be introduced, debated, and enacted into law by Congress before Puerto Rico became a state. Congress, and only Congress, in separate enabling legislation, can admit a state.
FAILURE BY CONGRESS TO ACT ON SELF-DETERMINATION IS THE COSTLIEST OF ALL OPTIONS
* The current “Commonwealth” system was designed to support economic subsidies to Puerto Rico which have grown to be extremely expensive. A recent study by two prominent Harvard economists found the cost of Commonwealth to be in excess of $10 billion a year. As a Commonwealth, Puerto Rico lacks the tools and flexibility to compete economically in a level-playing field with the States and foreign countries, thus perpetuating economic dependence on the U.S. Treasury. Under these circumstances, the cost of Commonwealth can only increase.
* The same study concluded that if the voters of Puerto Rico, and ultimately Congress, chose statehood, the American taxpayer would see a net reduction in Federal spending in Puerto Rico of between $2.1 and $2.7 billion, with greater savings in the future as the Puerto Rican economy fully realizes its potential as a state. Thus, a change in status potentially could save the taxpayer billions, while continuation of the current status will only result in increasing subsidies over time.
* Similarly, the General Accounting Office in 1995, using static analysis, concluded that the Treasury would see a net benefit of $50 million as a result of bringing Puerto Rican American into the Federal income tax system (they currently pay into social security and the unemployment system). As incomes on the Island were to increase as a result of a better economy, Treasury tax revenues would as well.
The authority for admitting new states into the union is vested solely in the Congress of the United States by Section 3 of Article IV of the Constitution which states:
“New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the consent of the legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.”
The constitutional issue arises when Congress attempts to bind the new state to the conditions for statehood after it has achieved that status. The “Equal Footing Doctrine” provides that the states admitted to the Union subsequent to the approval of the federal constitution are to be entities of equal status with the original thirteen states. Article IV, Section 3 of the Federal Constitution grants Congress the authority to admit new states to the union. The varying powers and the authority of “states” within the federal framework are defined by the Federal Constitution. Were Congress permitted to exact permanently binding restrictions on state authority as a condition for admission to the Union, the relationship between Congress and all states admitted after the original thirteen would be ultimately determined, not by the Constitution, but by Congress itself. Such a situation would fly in the face of the clear intent of the framers.
Thus, any congressional restrictions or expansion of state authority in its statehood enabling acts cannot bind the state under Congress’ Article IV, Section 3, authority to admit new states. Congress, however, yields powers under the Constitution, pursuant to which it can legislate with respect to the states. If a conditional admission to statehood is to be binding in the future, it must be done pursuant to the constitutional legislative powers granted to Congress over all states. Congress may, therefore, include in an enabling act conditions relating only to matters within its sphere of powers, such as regulation of interstate commerce and disposition of public finds. Such conditions take their binding effect from Congress’ legislative power over the states, not from an extortion of conditions for statehood.
Official admission to the Union requires Congress to draft — and the president to sign — a bill called an “enabling act.” For Puerto Rico to become a state, it would need to convince Congress and the president that statehood is not only in the best interest of the Puerto Rican people, but in the best interest of the United States as a whole. The U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives would need to approve the statehood admission by a two-thirds majority vote [source: The Week].
Political power. Right now Congress can do whatever it wants, and Puerto Rico has no say. With statehood, Puerto Rico will have six representatives and two senators in Washington. That would give Puerto Rico similar political power to South Carolina and Colorado.
The benefits of statehood in real dollars. Being a territory has Puerto Rico’s economy in a rut. If Puerto Rico had become a state in 1994, the average Puerto Rican would be earning $1,300 more by the year 2000. Had Puerto Rico became a state in 1955, today Puerto Ricans would be earning at least $6,000 more a year, and be more than $100,000 better off.
The increased production facility, increased shipping lines, adding new military enforcements, drafting young men and women, re-structuring Puerto Rico making them the 51st state would not only ensure the income of the members of the 51st state but would also increase the productivity and consumption of goods manufactured in Puerto Rico and the open shipping lines.
Where is Puerto Rico today and how did they get there?
For 520 years, Puerto Rico has been a colony of Spain first, and of The United States since 1898. It is the oldest colony in the world.
Conservative U.S. presidents encouraged Puerto Rico to make a permanent decision about their political status. This was the case of the Task Force established by President Clinton to deal with our status issue. It was followed by both presidents Bush’s and Barack Obama’s respective White House Reports on Puerto Rico Status in 2005, 2007 and 2011.
On November 6, 2012 the people of Puerto Rico held a plebiscite to make a decision on the island’s status. The ballot consisted of two questions, and the results were as follows:
•Do you agree that Puerto Rico should continue to have its present form of territorial status (Commonwealth)?
•Yes: 46 percent
•No: 54 percent
•Irrespective of your answer to the first question, indicate which of the following non-territorial options you prefer.
•Statehood: 61 percent
•Independence: 5 percent
•Sovereign Free Associated State: 33 percent
Twenty three percent of Puerto Rico’s eligible citizens went to the polls, and 97 percent of them voted to make Puerto Rico America’s 51st state. That’s about half a million people. The vote was non-binding, and because of the low turnout, it might not be enough to persuade Congress to convert Puerto Rico from a commonwealth to a state. Puerto Rico will be holding another vote on the issue in October and hopes for a larger turnout.
One of the things that would change if Puerto Rico were to become a state, is the official American flag. U.S. federal law requires that another star be added when a new state joins the union.
Puerto Rico has held five other votes on statehood in the past — in 1967, 1991, 1993, 1998 and 2012. The 2012 vote was the first time that Puerto Rico voted in favor of becoming a state.
The island’s deep and long-lasting recession has made its debt position unsustainable. But the latest fiscal plan imposed by the US commonwealth’s federal overseers openly assumes that a Venezuela-scale depression will somehow bring about recovery.
SAN JUAN – Puerto Rico’s deep and prolonged recession has led to a severe debt crisis. And the combination of economic contraction and massive liabilities is having dire consequences for the island.
Everywhere in the United States commonwealth, private-sector jobs are being lost. Total employment in Puerto Rico has fallen from 1.25 million in the last quarter of the 2007 fiscal year workers to less than a million almost a decade later. Without employment, large numbers of Puerto Ricans (who are US citizens) have emigrated. But, despite this flight, the unemployment rate is now 12.4%. Without job prospects, the labor participation rate has plummeted to 40%, two-thirds of the level on the US mainland. About 60% of Puerto Rico’s children live in poverty.
The commonwealth’s debt position is clearly unsustainable, and its economy will be able to recover only if it gets a fresh start. But, unlike US municipalities, Puerto Rico is not protected by the US bankruptcy code. It is well known that decentralized bargaining processes for debt restructuring often lead to disastrous outcomes, with the relief obtained being insufficient to restore debt sustainability.
Congress must illuminate the IRS and establish a consumption tax.
This would relieve the burden of not only of the 51st state but all 50 states, all of which are sovereign under the writing of the Constitution.
“The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several states, and without regard to any census or enumeration.”
The IRS was not established in the constitution.
The IRS was established by Congress who had the right to collect taxes.
Congress does not require a Constitutional Amendment to close the IRS under the 16th Amendment.
Congress needs to approve HR 25 and close the IRS.
To promote freedom, fairness, and economic opportunity by repealing the income tax and other taxes, abolishing the Internal Revenue Service, and enacting a national sales tax to be administered primarily by the States, the States would receive 2 percent federal sales tax to go toward healthcare and education after closing the Department of Education and Obama Care according to the 10th Amendment.
“The Fair Tax Act (H.R. 25/S. 13) would apply a tax once, at the point of purchase on all new goods and services for personal consumption. The proposal also calls for a monthly payment to all family households of lawful U.S. residents as an “advance rebate” of tax on purchases up to the poverty level.[2 (FairTax) The sales tax rate, as defined in the legislation for the first year, is 23% of the total payment including the tax ($23 of every $100 spent in total—calculated similar to income taxes). This would be equivalent to a 30% traditional U.S.A. sales tax ($23 on top of every $77 spent—$100 total, or $30 on top of every $100 spent—$130 total). After the first year of implementation, this rate is automatically adjusted annually using a predefined formula reflecting actual federal receipts in the previous fiscal year.
The effective tax rate for any household would be variable due to the fixed monthly tax rebates that are used to “untax” purchases up to the poverty level.  The tax would be levied on all U.S. retail sales for personal consumption on new goods and services. Critics argue that the sales tax rate defined in the legislation would not be revenue neutral (that is, it would collect less for the government than the current tax system), and thus would increase the budget deficit, unless government spending were
The sales tax rate, as defined in the legislation for the first year, is 23% of the total payment including the tax ($23 of every $100 spent in total—calculated similar to income taxes). This would be equivalent to a 30% traditional U.S. sales tax ($23 on top of every $77 spent—$100 total, or $30 on top of every $100 spent—$130 total). After the first year of implementation, this rate is automatically adjusted annually using a predefined formula reflecting actual federal receipts in the previous fiscal year.”
My argument is; the passing of the bill of HR 25 which is fair taxable, where you have a consumption tax at time of purchase
In addition to the fact that the federal government has taken money out of the Social Security and used it for frivolous purposes, this money must be returned to the people.
Psalm 83:13–16 O my God, make them like a wheel; As the stubble before the wind. As the fire burneth a wood, And as the flame setteth the mountains on fire; So persecute them with thy tempest, And make them afraid with thy storm. Fill their faces with shame; That they may seek thy name, O LORD.
War on Terror/Terrorism:
The only way to decrease welfare is to educate, empower and employ our young. Currently we are working on a program which will train our citizens to earn a better income and survive. A hands on training along with on the job training, teaching by using a hybrid school system, where online classrooms and parents are working jointly to reduce poverty and the interaction of the assemblies, regardless of their doctrine.
The amount of regulations prohibiting the religious organization from feeding, clothing and sheltering the population, has a greater cost to the Government which is leading us to a socialist nation. We will always help those that have need for our help, but that number can be reduced and become manageable with proper training.
Steps required to prevent terrorism
1. Congress must declare war before the military is deployed. America gets pulled into too many proxy wars because Congress doesn’t adhere to the Constitution. The United States hasn’t declared war since 1942. The last time one of our enemies surrendered was 1945. Putting “boots on the ground” is not declaring war.
2. Congress must identify America’s enemies. This includes calling radical Islamic terrorism, radical Islamic terrorism. The military fails at nation building because policing others is not its purpose.
3. Congress must overhaul the rigid promotion system in the military. Commanders should have the authority to promote subordinates based on merit. The military’s brain drain is a byproduct of government inefficiency.
4. Congress must reform the procurement and contracting process. Waste, fraud, and abuse are rampant in our military. Just because someone says it helps our military doesn’t mean it helps our military.
5. Congress can fight careerism in the military with pension reform. Our military needs a culture of candor. Pension reform safeguards against “yes men.”
6. Congress has the opportunity to improve military transition programs by integrating willing private sector entrepreneurs. America’s private sector needs the loyalty, commitment, problem solving, discipline, perseverance, respect, character, willingness to learn, punctuality, organization, and productivity of veterans.
7. We can fulfill a moral obligation and reverse the politics health care by reforming veterans’ healthcare. Demonstrate that individuals can make rational decisions and that free market solutions provide better care, are more cost effective, and are more responsive to the consumer. An effective veteran healthcare system also shows future military members that the American people will care for them if they sacrifice for their country. Congressional conservatives can (and should) win this issue today. This is the issue that will destroy progressivism in the United States. Go on offense.
Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the LORD, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.
Dr. Tolbert will protect the defenseless, balance the energy of intense people, tend to the lonely and serve the helpless.
He also will be on guard concerning the abuse of Power.
We the people for a Better America have a responsibility to defend our rights.
Few, if any individuals covered by the media have served this great nation by defending our rights of freedom.
Isaiah 42:1 “Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen one in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him, and he will bring justice to the nations.
In conclusion this article is presented by Dr. Charles Frederick Tolbert to the President of the United States and the Governor of Puerto Rico requesting that the President of the United States give due consideration that Dr. Tolbert be allowed to go in front of Congress and present why Puerto Rico should be the 51st State!
Charles Frederick Tolbert EdD
Retired Master Sergeant United States Army
Degrees in organizational effectiveness, theology and education
P O Box 2798
Okeechobee FL 34973
Copy Editor: Vilet Dye…email@example.com
Talk show Ohio 10/11/17
The President of the United States
The White House
As a territory Puerto Rico does not have a right to vote in a federal election for further information read the following
Dr Tolbert www.writeintolbert.com
For US Senate Fl 2018
To: The President of the United States
Voting rights of United States citizens in Puerto Rico, like the voting rights of residents of other United States territories, differ from those of United States citizens in each of the fifty statesand the District of Columbia. Residents of Puerto Rico and other U.S. territories do not have voting representation in the United States Congress, and are not entitled to electoral votes for President. The United States Constitution grants congressional voting representation to U.S. states, which Puerto Rico and other U.S. territories are not, specifying that members of Congress shall be elected by direct popular vote and that the President and the Vice Presidentshall be elected by electors chosen by the States.[Note 1]
Puerto Rico is a territory under the sovereignty of the federal government, but is not part of any state nor is it a state itself. It has been organized (given a measure of self-rule by the Congress) subject to the Congress’ plenary powers under the territorial clause of Article IV, sec. 3, of the U.S. Constitution. In the U.S. House of Representatives, Puerto Rico is entitled to a Resident Commissioner, a delegate who is not allowed to vote on the floor of the House, but can vote on procedural matters and in House committees. In most other U.S. overseas (and historically pre-state) territories, as well as the District of Columbia, a similar representative position is styled Delegate.
The lack of direct voting representation in Congress for residents of the territory has been an issue since the U.S. Congress granted U.S. citizenship to Puerto Rico citizens in 1917. All judicial claims have been met with political or constitutional challenges; therefore, there has been no change in Puerto Rico’s representation in the Congress or representation on the electoral college for the U.S. citizens residing in Puerto Rico.
Like other territories, Puerto Rico can participate in the presidential primary process. It holds a primary election in the spring of each presidential election year. Then the parties choose delegates to the Republican and Democratic National Convention, who are pledged to vote at that convention for the winners of Puerto Rico’s primary, but that’s the end of their participation in the presidential election. See United States presidential primaries in Puerto Rico, 2016.